Residents Flee as Air Strikes Shake Syria’s Aleppo

People walk amid the rubble of destroyed buildings following a reported air strike on the rebel-held neighbourhood of al-Kalasa in the northern Syrian city of Aleppo, on April 28, 2016. The death toll from an upsurge of fighting in Syria's second city Aleppo rose despite a plea by the UN envoy for the warring sides to respect a February ceasefire. / AFP PHOTO / AMEER ALHALBI

Terrified residents fled a new wave of air strikes on rebel-held areas of Syria’s divided city of Aleppo on Saturday, as key regime backer Russia rejected calls to rein in its ally.

Aleppo was left out of a new temporary U.S.-Russian brokered truce that appeared to be holding in the regime stronghold of Latakia as well as Damascus and the nearby rebel bastion of Eastern Ghouta.

In Aleppo’s rebel-held east, dozens of civilians left the battered district of Bustan al-Qasr early Saturday, according to an AFP correspondent.

“The situation has become unbearable,” Abu Mohammed said as he prepared to flee with his wife and five children.

“One of my kids is terrified by the bombing and no one has been buying anything from my shop for a week,” said the household appliance salesman. “Everything is paralysed.”

Russia said that it would not ask Damascus to halt air raids on Aleppo.

“No, we are not going to put pressure on (Damascus) because one must understand that the situation in Aleppo is part of this fight against the terrorist threat,” Deputy Foreign Minister Gennady Gatilov said.

On Thursday, Washington appealed to Moscow to keep President Bashar al-Assad’s regime in check.

Once Syria’s economic hub, Aleppo and its surrounding countryside have suffered some of the worst fighting in a conflict that has killed more than 270,000 people and displaced millions.

– Watching the sky –

At least 246 civilians have died in shelling, rocket fire and air strikes in both sides of the city since April 22, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitor said.

At least eight civilians died in rebel-controlled areas on Saturday, the civil defence said.

The few people out on the streets watched the sky anxiously for regime aircraft, running for shelter when one launched a new raid.

The Britain-based Observatory, which relies of a network of sources on the ground, reported 28 air strikes on eastern neighborhoods.

“The regime wants to push residents to flee Aleppo before a military offensive,” Observatory head Rami Abdel Rahman said.

A leading pro-government newspaper said Thursday that the army was preparing a major campaign to recapture the whole of Aleppo and the surrounding province.

Some families have fled to safer districts nearby. Others left by the dangerous Castello road, the only route out of near-besieged east Aleppo.

Hospitals have also been bombed in nine days of escalating violence in Aleppo.

A total of four medical facilities were hit in Aleppo Friday on both sides of the front line, according to the International Committee of the Red Cross.

And a raid on Wednesday hit a hospital supported by Doctors Without Borders and the Red Cross as well as nearby housing, killing 30 people in an attack U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon condemned as “inexcusable”.

On other fronts, fighting halted at 1:00 am Saturday (2200 GMT Friday) in a “freeze” set to last for 24 hours in Damascus and Eastern Ghouta, and 72 hours Latakia.

– Aid for besieged towns –

Humanitarian convoys carrying food and medicine meanwhile entered the besieged rebel-held towns of Madaya and Zabadani, northwest of Damascus, on Saturday, the Red Cross said.

At the same time, trucks entered the besieged government-held towns of Fuaa and Kafraya, southwest of Aleppo.

Madaya became infamous in late 2015 after dozens died of starvation in the town.

In the eastern province of Deir Ezzor, a couple and their two daughters were killed in strikes by unidentified aircraft on a village held by the Islamic State (IS) jihadist group, the Observatory said.

And in northeastern Syria, a suicide bomber killed five Kurdish policemen at a checkpoint in the city of Qamishli, police said.

It was not immediately clear who carried out the attack, but IS has claimed previous bombings in the mainly Kurdish city.

The violence in Aleppo has severely tested a February 27 truce between the regime and non-jihadist rebels intended to pave the way to an end to the five-year conflict.

Kerry will travel to Geneva on Sunday in a show of support for the ceasefire, Washington announced Saturday.

Qatar called for an emergency meeting of Arab League envoys to discuss “the dangerous escalation” in Aleppo.

Saudi Arabia, a fierce opponent of Assad, condemned the regime strikes.

“This terrorist act disregards the agreement to end hostilities and contradicts international laws,” said a foreign ministry official quoted by the state-run SPA news agency.

A new round of U.N.-backed peace talks is set to start on May 10 in Geneva.30