Lebanese entrepreneurs and medicine researchers developed the vaccine Moderna Covid-19 filled the media lately.
Proud? Of course, Specially when the world is only reading about the economical crisis in Lebanon. Most of the media financed by powerful factors and crumbled to seek a scoop and play on the feelings, I was not amazed that the Lebanese are achieving successes in every branch, in economy, medicine, architecture, fashion and many other areas.
This voyage in developing and exploring the world has been going on more than 2500 years ago. Only occupations by other lands and wars stopped us. Jorge Álvarez from Labrujulaverde.com wrote an article how the Phoenicians (The Lebanese ancestors) ships surrounded Africa in three years, describing how the sun shined from the wrong side during the voyage.
Here some excerpts from Jorge’s article …
As it can be appreciated, that voyage followed the opposite direction to those that the Portuguese would do centuries later: instead of sail south the Atlantic Ocean and round the Cape of Good Hope to the east, they had to sail from Egypt in summer, cross the Red Sea (the Arabian Gulf which Herodotus says) taking advantage of the north wind and leaving behind the Horn of Africa. The whole area was not unknown to Egyptians (who would lead the campaign even when the crew was Phoenician) because they traded with the country of Punt (probably located in today’s Ethiopia) and Saba (what is now Yemen).
They would sail south parallel to the east African coast, benefiting from the northeast monsoon (which started blowing in autumn), and as they passed the equator they would enter the Indian Ocean taking advantage of the Needle Current (a warm and strong sea flow that bathes the southeastern African strip). This current made it easier for them to quickly cross the Mozambique Channel and turn westward. This way they would round the cape, heading for the Atlantic and catching the tradewinds from southeast.